The concept of Neighbourhood Accessibility Planning (NAP) aims at improving local conditions for walking and cycling as well as facilitating safe access to local facilities (e.g. schools, shops) and public transport services.
A priority list of actions is drafted to enhance the accessibility on a neighbourhood scale. The special needs of more vulnerable groups such as the disabled, older people and children are particularly taken into account.
Despite its high relevance and potential to not only improve daily mobility but also social interaction in a neighbourhood, the concept is still the exception in Europe.
Find the guidelines here: Guidelines Neighbourhood Accessibility Planning 2010